Table of Data Points

Tag : Australia

1945-08-15Surrender Broadcast

After several more days of behind-the-scenes negotiations and a failed coup d'Etat, Emperor Hirohito gave a recorded radio address to the nation. Some Japanese soldiers, devastated by the surrender, committed suicide. Many allied POWs were executed.

Read about 'Surrender Broadcast' on WikiPediaDiscuss 'Surrender Broadcast'
1945-06-081945-06-10Porton Plantation

Australians troops land and create a small perimeter. Failure to bring heavy weapons and support elements ashore after a number of landing craft ran aground. Japanese responded quickly, surrounded the beachhead and forced the Australians to withdraw.

Read about 'Porton Plantation' on WikiPediaDiscuss 'Porton Plantation'

First stage of the Borneo campaign with an amphibious landing by Australian troops. The operation's primary objective was to secure and develop the airstrip for use in subsequent operations.

Read about 'Tarakan' on WikiPediaDiscuss 'Tarakan'

Australian I Corps troops under, under General Morshead, attacked Japanese troops holding the island. The campaign isolated a large number of Japanese troops, captured major oil supplies and freed many Allied prisoners.

Read about 'Borneo' on WikiPediaDiscuss 'Borneo'
1944-10-231944-10-26Leyte Gulf

Largest battle in the history of naval warfare. After US troops invaded Leyte island ,as part of a strategy aimed at isolating Japan from the countries it had occupied in SE Asia, Japan mobilized nearly all it's vesels in an attempt to defeat the invasion.

Read about 'Leyte Gulf' on WikiPediaDiscuss 'Leyte Gulf'
1944-10-21HMAS Australia Kamikazi

HMAS Australia is the target of the first kamikaze of the war. She is hit by a Japanese plane carrying a 200 kg (441 pound) bomb off Leyte Island, as the Battle of Leyte Gulf began.

Read about 'HMAS Australia Kamikazi ' on WikiPediaDiscuss 'HMAS Australia Kamikazi '

The capture of this small Eutch East Indies island (and it's two airfields) was an important step to support the liberation of the Philippines. The base remained a supply hub for the remainder of the war.

Read about 'Morotai' on WikiPediaDiscuss 'Morotai'
1944-08-20168 Airmen at Buchenwald

168 captured allied airmen, accused of being "terror fliers", arrive at Buchenwald concentration camp.

Read about '168 Airmen at Buchenwald' on WikiPediaDiscuss '168 Airmen at Buchenwald'
1944-08-05Cowra Breakout

In one of the largest prison escapes of the war 545 Japanese prisoners storm the wire of their prison camp. Four Australian soldiers and 231 Japanese soldiers died and 108 prisoners were wounded in the escape and subsequent re-capture.

Read about 'Cowra Breakout' on WikiPediaDiscuss 'Cowra Breakout'

In a departure from previous defensive tactics, Japanese troops executed their first major tactical ambush. The change resulted in much higher allied casualties and a much longer campaign.

Read about 'Biak' on WikiPediaDiscuss 'Biak'